Greece, Albania, Cyprus, and a number of other countries First written: Linear B, Cypriot syllabary, Greek alphabet Status: At first, there were a number of different versions of the alphabet used in various different Greek cities. These local alphabets, known as epichoric, can be divided into three groups:
Gold plates with Phoenician and Etruscan writing You might imagine that something as simple and basic as the alphabet would have been around forever. But of course it hasn't.
As you may well know, the elaborate pictures of Egyptian hieroglyphics and the intricate reed-poked-into-clay marks of Mesopotamian cuneiform used to be the way people communicated in writing. Gradually these were simplified into syllable symbols instead of word symbols, but were still fairly daunting and only a few scholars ever learned to write.
We are often told that the Phoenicians invented the alphabet, though some debate this. Regardless of who put pen to papyrus to create it, the Phoenician contribution was none-the-less major and critical. They were the major sea-traders of the Mediterranean, and they went everywhere. Every country which had a seashore seems to have done trade with them.
When the Phoenicians began using the alphabet as a simple and easy way to keep track of their trades, it was exposed to everyone. And since money and wealth were involved, people were highly motivated to learn the system and make sure it was being accurately written down.
This new method proved to be so much better than previous methods that it soon was being used by many people and many languages. It had been given so much momentum that it could not be stopped. It consisted of 22 consonants. The reader was assumed to speak the language, so they would know what sound to put between the consonants.
Of course, looking back at their inscriptions a few thousand years later, it is not so obvious. That is one reason why you will see different spellings for the same word or name. The ancient and modern-day translators just did the best they could.
Phoenician Alphabet Phoenician alphabet -- note their writing reads right to left, and that some symbols were later re-used and made into vowels.
The refined combination worked very well. It enabled the philosophy of Socrates and the theater plays of Euripides -- among many other great works of literature -- to be passed down to us. Writing On the Incirli Stela, Greek writing deep incisions was cut into the earlier Phoenician text The Etruscans in Italy were familiar with the Phoenician alphabet, as shown on the Pyrgi gold plates at the top and bottom of this page.
Their plate on the left was written in Phoenician, and the other one in Etruscan.
After the Etruscans adopted and modified the Greek alphabet, they passed it along to Rome. The Romans made their own refinements to it, and this led to the alphabet we use today.
In this well researched and intriguing narrative, the mysterious Phoenicians and the ancient Mediterranean are experienced in rich detail.
The alphabet did not arise in a vacuum. It was part of a wider social phenomenon that was spreading across the ancient Mediterranean, and reached one of its pinnacles in classical Greece.1 The Greek Alphabet Sight and Sounds of the Greek Letters (Module A) The Letters and Pronunciation of the Greek Alphabet.
Phonology (Part 1) On your practice sheets, practice writing both the capital and small Greek letters while listening to the letter’s pronunciation.
Lesson One: The Greek Alphabet. Sight and Sounds of the Greek Letters (Module A) Study Aid Level Three: Practice Writing the Greek Letters.
Practice writing all the Greek capital letters with their matching small letters in their alphabetical order. Pronounce each letter as you write it.
Write and say these letters until you can do so with ease. Greek (ελληνικά) Greek belongs to the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European language family, and is spoken by about 13 million people mainly in Greece and Cyprus, where it is an official language.
The Greek alphabet is the writing system developed in Greece which first appears in the archaeological record during the 8th century BCE. This was not the first writing system that was used to write Greek: several centuries before the Greek alphabet was invented, the Linear B script was the writing.
The Greco-Iberian alphabet was used for writing the ancient Iberian language in parts of modern Spain.
Gaulish inscriptions (in modern France) used the Greek alphabet until the Roman conquest; The Hebrew and Aramaic text of the Bible was written in Greek letters in Origen's Hexapla. Note: cursive writing is not customary in Greek. Some Greeks do employ cursive forms in their hand-writing, but the practice is not used widely.
Some Greeks do employ cursive forms in their hand-writing, but the practice is not used widely.