He was the grandson of two prominent abolitionists:
How are we here? What can account for the broad diversity of life we see around us every day? These are the questions man has been asking for thousands of years.
It has only been recently, however, that science was sophisticated enough for us to be able to approach the real answer. Anyone can tell you that the currently accepted explanation is the Theory of Evolution. In the early to mid s, the Theory of Evolution was being formed in the minds of many scientists, but it was first given voice by Charles Darwin in his Origin of Species.
He proposed that a process called natural selection acts on random variation within a species to cause only the most fit of that species to survive and leave fertile offspring.
Natural Selection is a process that "chooses" specific individuals based on their characteristics, by allowing them to survive and multiply, whereas less suited individuals die out.
Thus, over time, only those organisms most suited to their particular environment survive, and organisms become more and more specialized and sophisticated. Generally, the only opposition to the theory came from religious circles, who insisted that the world was created in six days and all the animals and plants were created exactly as we see them.
While many in the public clung to their beliefs, this obviously did not have much support from the scientific community. After all, there is very little evidence for such a creation, and there is plentiful evidence for evolution. However, in more recent times, other, more legitimate challenges to the Theory of Evolution have surfaced.
This, then, is the goal of my paper: To outline the principle problems with the theory of evolution, the answers presented by the scientific community, and to evaluate the validity of the Theory based on these questions and answers.
Cells themselves had been discovered, but that was about the most anyone could find out about until the invention of the electron microscope, followed by even more advanced devices for detecting things on a microscopic level.
The discoveries that have surfaced as a result of this technology has both helped and hindered Darwin? On the one hand, we know much about DNA, the all-important molecule that is the blueprint for the body, and is passed down from generation to generation.
It is this inheritance, and the variability of the genetic sequences, that allows for how natural selection acting on variation could actually work. Further, once you allow for the all too frequent advent of mutations in genes, Darwin?
On the other hand, this wealth of new information makes us privy to so many complex mechanisms of such an unbelievably fine, elegant construction, many that would have had to exist before that actual origin of life in itself, that one finds it hard to fully believe the Theory of Evolution can have a place today.
The Darwinian concept is not one of large jumps, such as, say, having nothing one day and a perfectly functioning eyeball the next, but rather of small steps.THE TRAGEDY OF THE COMMON REVISITED by Beryl Crowe () reprinted in MANAGING THE COMMONS by Garrett Hardin and John Baden W.H.
|PREFATORY NOTE||It has seemed to me worth while to show from the history of civilization just what war has done and has not done for the welfare of mankind.|
|Evolution and Religion Research Package||The author is professor of biology, University of California, Santa Barbara.|
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Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England. He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award.
Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers. Charles Darwin Essays Biography Charles Darwin turned into born on February 12, , in Shrewsbury, England and died on the Down residence in Kent on April 19, He become born to Robert and Susannah Darwin.
Updated 13 March, The Tragedy of the Commons by Garrett Hardin, Published in Science, December 13, For copyright permission, click here.. The author is professor of biology, University of California, Santa Barbara.