A simple step guide to writing an amazing fugue 7 February
Overview A fugue has three main sections, the Exposition, the Middle Section sometimes referred to as the modulating section and the Final Section. The sections in a fugue refer to contrasts in key rather than theme.
The exposition begins the fugue and a single voice plays the subject establishing the tonic key. Another voice enters with the answer which is the subject transposed up a perfect 5th or down a perfect 4th into the dominant key. As the second voice plays the answer the first voice can play either a free part against it or a counter-subject.
The middle section consists of entries of subject and answer in keys other than the tonic separated by episodes. An episode is a modulating link between the entries of the subject and answer to make a change from continual reiteration of the subject.
They are usually based on a figure from the subject or counter-subject. The final section begins where the subject or answer returns in the tonic key. The section will contain at least one entry of the subject in the tonic and will usually end with a coda which can vary from a few notes to a few bars.
Here is an example of a fugue structure: Stretto Diminution of the subject Inverse movement Stretto occurs when entries of subject and answer overlap each other, the second beginning before the first is finished. A close stretto is one in which the overlapping is considerable.
Augmentation of the subject means statement of it in notes of greater value, usually double. Diminution of the subject means statement of it in notes of smaller value, usually half.
Inverse movement means statement of the subject upside-down, upward intervals become downwards ones and vice versa.
These devices can be used in combination, e. Tweet Want more like this?How to Write A Fugue. up vote 4 down vote favorite. 1. It not only has scores, but books on music and music theory in PDF form.
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[ ] The Art of Fugue (Kunst der Fuge = KdF) is in fact a triple art: [ ] art of composing a fugue [ ] art of playing a fugue [ ] art of listening to a fugue The main task of the art of listening to a fugue is to achieve the right balance between the perception of the melodies, and the perception of the harmony.
A fugue is built from a short phrase, called the fugue subject. The subject begins in one part and is then subsequently taken up by the others. The subject begins in one part and is then subsequently taken up by the others.
Fugue (Latin “fuga” to fly) • A fugue is a contrapuntal elaboration of a given motive called the subject.
Sometimes there can be more than one subject (see double fugue below), but one subject at a time is the most common situation. • . a 18th century instruction on writing two part fugues The organist and composer Albrechtsberger, known as the famous teacher of Beethoven, wrote an instruction on composing, named "Gründliche Anweisung zur Composition mit deutlichen und ausführlichen Exempeln.