EACME, in full the European Association of Centres of Medical Ethics, was founded in the early s by a small group of theologians, philosophers and medical doctors who were involved in the new discipline of medical ethics or, as it is now often called, bioethics. The official starting date of EACME is the 2nd of December when representatives of six centres came together in Lyon to create this new organisation. The association expanded in the nineties, when bioethics centres in Europe were increasingly cooperating in research and teaching projects funded by the European Commission.
Writing a good abstract is a formidable undertaking and many novice researchers wonder how it is possible to condense months of work into to words.
Nevertheless, creating a well-written abstract is a skill that can be learned and mastering the skill will increase the probability that your research will be selected for presentation.
The Medical abstract rule of writing abstracts is to know the rules. Organizers of scientific meetings set explicit limits on the length abstracts.
Authors must pay close attention to the published details of the meeting including deadlines and suggested format. Since reviewers have many abstracts to read and rank; those that don't conform to the stated rules are simply discarded.
The scientific abstract is usually divided into five unique sections: The following paragraphs summarize what is expected in each of these sections.
Title and Author Information: The title should summarize the abstract and convince the reviewers that the topic is important, relevant, and innovative. To create a winning title, write out 6 to 10 key words found in the abstract and string them into various sentences. Once you have a sentence that Medical abstract conveys the meaning of the work, try to condense the title yet still convey the essential message.
Some organizations require a special format for the title, such as all uppercase letters, all bolded, or in italics. Be sure to check the instructions. Following the title, the names of all authors and their institutional affiliations are listed. It is assumed the first author listed will make the oral presentation.
Determine if the first author needs to meet any eligibility requirements to make the presentation. For example, the first author may need to be a member of the professional society sponsoring the research meeting. This information is always included with the abstract instructions.
This usually consists of several sentences outlining the question addressed by the research. Make the first sentence of the introduction as interesting and dramatic as possible. For example, ", people each year die of…" is more interesting than "An important cause of mortality is…" If space permits, provide a concise review of what is known about the problem addressed by the research, what remains unknown, and how your research project fills the knowledge gaps.
The final sentence of the introduction describes the purpose of the study or the study's a priori hypothesis. This is the most difficult section of the abstract to write. It must be scaled down sufficiently to allow the entire abstract to fit into the box, but at the same time it must be detailed enough to judge the validity of the work.
For most clinical research abstracts, the following areas are specifically mentioned: Finally, the statistical methods used to analyze the data are described.
This section begins with a description of the subjects that were included and excluded from the study. For those excluded, provide the reason for their exclusion. Next, list the frequencies of the most important outcome variables.
If possible, present comparisons of the outcome variables between various subgroups within the study treated vs. This type of data can be efficiently presented in a table, which is an excellent use of space.
But before doing this, check the rules to see if tables can be used in the abstract. If the results are not statistically significant, present the power of your study beta-error rate to detect a difference.
State concisely what can be concluded and its implications. The conclusions must be supported by the data presented in the abstract; never present unsubstantiated personal opinion.PRIME is an ACCME accredited provider of continuing medical education for Physicians, Pharmacists, Nurses and Case Managers.
19 References; Citing Articles; Letters Abstract Background. Whether closure of a patent foramen ovale is effective in the prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke in patients who have had a. A structured abstract is an abstract with distinct, labeled sections (e.g., Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion) for rapid comprehension (see Figure 1).
Figure 1: PubMed Abstract Display for a Structured Abstract. Structured abstracts have several advantages for authors and readers.
These. The official journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.
Publishes peer-reviewed research for biomedical and health informatics. Coverage includes. The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, Do not include author names in the manuscript. They are to be placed in the biographical (biosketch) file described below in order to preserve anonymity during the review process.
Manuscripts are tracked using a reference number and author names are added by the editorial staff if a manuscript is accepted for publication. Abstract definition is - disassociated from any specific instance. How to use abstract in a sentence. The Crisscrossing Histories of abstract and extract.
Medical Definition of abstract (Entry 1 of 2) 1: a written summary of the .