Nutmeg extraction

The shot would be to soxhlet extract the oil from a few kilos of nutmegs, strip the solvent pref.

Nutmeg extraction

Allergy, contact dermatitis, and asthma have been reported. Acute psychosis and anticholinergic-like episodes have been documented; death has rarely been reported following the ingestion of large doses of nutmeg.

Botany Mace and nutmeg are 2 slightly different Nutmeg extraction spices, both originating from the fruit of the nutmeg tree, Myristica fragrans. This slow-growing evergreen grows to more than 20 m and is cultivated in India, Ceylon, Malaysia, and Granada. The fruit, which is called a drupe or a nutmeg apple, is similar in appearance to a peach or an apricot.

When the mature fruit splits open, the nutmeg stony endocarp or seed surrounded by a red, slightly fleshy network or aril is exposed. The dried aril alone is called mace.

The nut is removed and dried to produce nutmeg. Nutmeg and mace have been used in Indian cooking and folk medicine. In folk medicine, nutmeg has been used to treat gastric disorders and rheumatism, and also as a hypnotic and an aphrodisiac.

During the 6th century AD, nutmeg and mace were imported by Arab traders, and by the 12th century, they were well known in Europe. At the turn of the 19th century, interest developed in the use of nutmeg as an abortifacient and a stimulant for menses. These properties have been largely discounted but remain a persistent cause of nutmeg intoxication in women.

This oil contains myristic acid, trymiristin, and glycerides of lauric, tridecanoic, stearic, and palmitic acids.

The essential oil contains myristicin, elemicin, eugenol, and safrole. Mace oil appears to have a higher myristicin content than nutmeg oil. Phenolic compounds found in nutmeg are reported to have antioxidant properties.

Nutmeg extraction

Aphrodisiac effects Animal data Increased sexual activity libido and potency has been demonstrated in male rats with ethanolic extracts of nutmeg, providing some support for the use of nutmeg as an aphrodisiac. Eugenol may be responsible for some of the aphrodisiac effect because of its vasodilatory and smooth muscle relaxant properties.

Cancer The National Cancer Institute has screened the Myristicaceae plant family for activity against selected leukemia lines. Of the tested extracts, Animal data More recently, experiments have evaluated the radio- and cisplatin-induced hepatoprotective effects in mice. Dopaminergic and serotonin pathways may be involved.

Eugenol and mace lignans, as well as the phenolic content, have been identified as components of nutmeg with antioxidant activity, and inhibition of nitric oxide production, NO-scavenging, and decreased LDL-oxidation were demonstrated in experiments.

Toxic overdose occurred at 5 g. Nutmeg traditionally has been used as an abortifacient. Although this use has been largely discounted, it remains a persistent cause of nutmeg intoxication in women.

The chemical constituents limonene and eugenol are contact allergens. Immunoglobulin E reactivity has been demonstrated in nutmeg and mace.

Effects occurred within 0.

Distillation Plant for Aromatic Leaves

There have been rare reports of shock, coma, and death. Treatment is supportive, with the use of antipsychotic therapy when necessary.

Cell viability was reduced by exposure to myristicin in a dose- and time-dependent manner. It is recognized by the US Food and Drug Administration as safe when used as a flavoring agent or food-additive and is of low acute toxicity in rodent studies. Longe JL, project ed.Start studying ORGO Experiment #2 Extraction of Trimyristin from Nutmeg.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Nutmeg and mace, widely accepted as flavoring agents, have been used in higher doses for their aphrodisiac and psychoactive properties. Extraction of essential oil and lipids from nutmeg by liquid carbon dioxide.

J Supercritical Fluids. ; 6. Dorman HJ, Figueiredo AC, Barroso JG, Deans SG.

Nutmeg - Wikipedia

In vitro evaluation of antioxidant. nutmeg is trimyristin, which can be isolated from nutmeg through extraction with dichloromethane. This extraction and recovery of trimyristin will be the focus of. This increases the surface area for extraction as well as making it easier for the nutmeg to react.

Nutmeg extraction

It has a carbon back bone saturated with hydrogen. The other components are either not . Used plant part.

Lab #4: Extraction of Trimyristin from Nutmeg

Nutmeg is not a nut, but the kernel of an apricot-like is an arillus, a thin leathery tissue between the stone and the pulp; it is bright red to purple when harvested, but after drying changes to amber. In the nutmeg trade, broken nutmegs that have been infested by pests are referred to as BWP grade (broken, wormy and punky).

Learn about the potential benefits of Nutmeg including contraindications, adverse reactions, toxicology, pharmacology and historical usage.

Nutmeg Uses, Benefits & Dosage - Herbal Database