A fierce warrior, a brilliant architect, a great philanthropist, but most of all, a man whose death is shrouded in mystery. He is known as the first Dravidian king who documented almost his entire life on stone inscriptions and copper plates, but no information is available about his death. It almost feels like a great king simply vanished into thin air, after a certain point in time.
The name Gounder  is a caste title derived from the Sangam Tamil word Kamindan root word being Kavunda which means "people who protected land, people and country" and was originally accorded to the "Feudal Lords" of the Kongu Nadu who had distinguished themselves bravely and fiercely in protecting the honour of the Kongu region and its people.
References to this can be seen in the copper-plate inscriptions of the CholaChera and Pandya dynasties of Tamil Nadu. It is also found in the later Ganga and Pallava dynasties of South India.
This system gained greater prominence and wider political ascendancy during the reign of King Durvinita of the Ganga dynasty. The ancient recorded history of Kongu Nadu and Tamilakam reveals that the Chola warriors expanded into then heavily forested Kongu territory, took up agriculture and made the lands cultivable.
They are traditionally considered to be Tamil speakers of the Kongu Nadu, an ancient division of Tamilakam that includes parts of northwest Tamil Naduportions of neighbouring Kerala and the southern Mysore region of Karnataka.
They are one of the prominent castes within the Tamil community who have their roots in the Sangam Tamil culture. Their elaborate marriage festivities are mentioned Rajaraja cholan Kavirayar Kambar in his famous Kongu Mangala Vazhthu songs. One notices an amount simplicity, politeness, and sincerity in their manners and customs.
Their language is known for courtesy and respect. It is not with out basis that they call the ancient Atiyamaan Chieftains as a vellala. They are never tricky in their dealing but always straight forward.
They are God fearing and large hearted people.
Though Saivites they were never exclusive in their but patronize all sects of Hindu religion alike. Many South Indian Brahmins and Adi-saivacharyas follow the code of life prescribed by Bodhayana still today. As the Gounders also claim the same origin, some of their customs like e.
These seeds where cultivated the Gounders cultivated and so they brought the technique of paddy cultivation to the south. The seven great Kadaiyezhu Vallalgal hailed from this community who were great patrons and philanthropists. Nowadays it is common for people not to use any of these titles. Royal houses See also: Velirs There have been 36 titled royal families of the Kongu regionknown as the Pattakarars.
During this period, the famous Kalingarayan Canal was constructed by this visionary. It still continues to irrigate the fertile lands in the Kongu region. The first of the many titles of Venadudayars is the Chetti Venadudayars which was bestowed after they were asked to bring their feudatories Chettinad back under the original Chola King, who then proceeded to make Chettis subjects of Venadudayars and granted the rights of tax collection and annual tributes to the Venadudayars.
They usually carry a Regal staff and their word is taken as the final authority, which was traditionally much respected by the Kongu people. Their sovereignty over the independent country "Nadu" which they ruled was much respected and honored by all the Moovendar CheraCholaPandiya Tamil Kings and also by the Dravidian Pallava and Vijayanagar empires of South India.
The Sankaradampalayam Pattakkarar was also bestowed an honorific title by then Vijayanagar Kings in as late as the sixteenth century 16th century A.
The feudal lords from Kulaiyan Kulam are called Deva Mandradiars. They were the herediatry receivers of the Moovendar CheraChola and Pandiya Kings when they visit Kongu Nadu but this honor later went to Periya Kulam after a minor accident.
It was later modified as Kavundan in speech. The Velir ruled the smaller principalities as Chieftains and also served at the court of the crowned Kings as nobles,Ministers and Generals. Purattinai,79 that the Velir had the right to give their daughters in marriage to the Royal princes.
The Velir chiefs known as Vallals were famous for their liberality and patronage of Tamil poets. The Velir of the Cankam Age,the Velir of the medival period,and the Velalar,the great mass of Tamil peasantry down to the modern times, all seem to belongs to the same stock.Rajaraja was born Arulmozhi Vendar and was the third child of Parantaka Sundara Chola.
Rajaraja Chola's mother, Vaanavan Maadevi, was the daughter of . By the 1st century BCE, a series of sea and land routes throughout India supported trade among regions of the subcontinent and with the Mediterranean and Southeast Asia. Rome's conquest of Egypt. go TOP LIST OF TELUGU MUDIRAJ SURNAMES - ANDHRA PRADESH: The following are some of the surnames of Telugu Mudiraj people with (gotram) within brackets- These names are collected through internet search and personal inquiry made by Mr.
Kokolu Anka Rao, the webmaster of this website. Jul 10, · Origins The Kongu Vellala Gounders were referred as Gangakulam (Tamil: கங்காகுலம்) meaning the one descended from the King Gangadatta (Sanskrit: meaning "the one" given by the Goddess Ganga) (Tamil: கங்கதத்தன்) in Tamil, Hindu literature and religious works.
The name Gounder is a caste title derived from the Sangam Tamil word Kamindan (root word . Jul 10, · Origins The Kongu Vellala Gounders were referred as Gangakulam (Tamil: கங்காகுலம்) meaning the one descended from the King Gangadatta (Sanskrit: meaning "the one" given by the Goddess Ganga) (Tamil: கங்கதத்தன்) in Tamil, Hindu literature and religious works.
The name Gounder is a caste title derived from . Sources. The story of Karikala is mixed with legend and anecdotal information gleaned from Sangam tranceformingnlp.com only sources available are the numerous mentions in Sangam poetry.