The concern is pushing to call for a limited harvest this fall. Report Finds Decline In Chesapeake Bay Blue Crab Population Initially it seemed the Bay was on track for a second straight year of crab growth with the number of female crabs at an all time high, but a new report reveals the overall number of crabs is less than favorable. Blue crabs could be a lot harder to find and more expensive later this summer.
Terraced rainforest History of Christmas Island possibly started some 60 million years ago, when undersea volcano rised above the surface of ocean and coral atoll formed around it, depositing limestone.
Some 20 million years ago this mount and atoll started to sunk slowly and corals busy worked to grow new layers of limestone in order to stay in shallow water. Approximately 10 million years ago island — now covered with thick limestone cap — started to rise up again.
There were three uplifts — and these three uplifts formed several terraces around the island sometimes merging into one terrace.
The island rises m above the ocean. Nowadays the surface of Christmas Island is covered with rainforest — also the ancient terraces inside this forest are almost hidden in lush green vegetation.
Island is surrounded with deep waters and life on this island for millions of years has developed in isolation.
Thus whole island represents unique biotope. Some parts of this rainforest are especially unique — such as The Dales and Hosnies Spring which are reviewed as separate landmarks by Wondermondo.
Rich deposits of phosphates were discovered in and in in several parts of island started phosphate mining and it continues since then. But nowadays there is not allowed to clear any more rainforest for mining operations.
In Australian — Russian consortium announced that here will be developed Asia Pacific Space Centre and by late the first launch of space satellite will take place. It seemed that in this way Australia would play active role in increasing Asian space activities.
Long and expensive environmental impact assessment procedure started they wanted to use major part of the unique islandgradually winding down the interest of investors.
Earlier, inthere was established a national park which takes major part of the island — 8, ha. Crabs in many ways are the dominating animals on this island and there is no other forest in the world with crabs as dominating species.
In total here are known some 20 species of land crabs besides some species of "common" crabs living in reefs and shallows around the island. Land crabs have evolved from sea crabs and are living either in a beach, in freshwater streams or in the shade of rainforest. Especially unusual are the latest — these crabs are scavenging the ground of rainforest looking for fallen leaves, fruits, saplings.
Their droppings serve as fertilizer, burrowings aerate the soil, their feeding habits decide the build of forest structure. Red crabs Most famous crab of the island is Christmas Island red crab Gecarcoidea natalis — dominating animal species in forest, endemic species met only on this island.
In total on island live 50 — million of these crabs what represents unprecedented density of land crabs in the world. In the 19th century these rats were everywhere on the island but went extinct in the early 20th century after the invasion of black rat and epidemics.
One of the impressive sights not only for Christmas Island but for whole world ir yearly migration of red crabs. It seems that migration takes place in the time when there is least difference between low and high tides — then it is safer to lay eggs.
Migration starts on plateau, lasts up to 18 days. Crabs gather in broad columns and repeat the same route each year. They prefer to go in early morning or late afternoon — to avoid direct sunlight.
The biggest danger to them is direct sunlight and heat. Latest crab migration was ongoing in late October — early December To save the crabs, on the roads there have been developed special crab crossings and plastic walls, funneling them to these crossings.
But there is another deadly enemy — invasive Yellow Crazy Ant Anoplolepis gracilipes. It is the main reason why the number of red crabs is decreasing, although numerous other species of introduced animals are changing the ecosystem too.
But Christmas island has several more species of land crabs living in forests.
In the forest can be found also purple crab Gecarcoide lalandii but it is more rare. Close to the seepages of springs in the forest can be found also purple crabs Gecarcoide lalandii — Christmas Island is the only place in the world where these crabs are blue.
Other crabs in forest are little nipper Geograpsus grayiyellow nipper Geograpsus crinipesthe rare white-stripe crab Labaunium rotundatum. Unique plants On the island grow native plant species.
At least 18 are not found anywhere else in the world:Jun 27, · Despite initial excitement over an estimated 30 percent increase in female crabs in , the report finds the overall crab population fell 18 percent from million in to million this.
The same number of crab divided by more beach equals decreasing crab densities. Decreasing densities means fewer eggs reaching the surface because crabs are not digging up . The Atlantic horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus), also known as the American horseshoe crab, is a species of marine and brackish chelicerate arthropod.
Since the s, the horseshoe crab population has been decreasing in some areas, due to several factors, Family: Limulidae. Ucides cordatus, the swamp ghost crab Due to their popularity, and decreasing population sizes, some states of Brazil have enacted restrictions of the size of crabs people are allowed to hunt.
States like Paraiba have laws preventing the capture of females crabs smaller than cm. Jan 01, · Unique Christmas Island crab forest with the highest diversity of land crabs in the world. Forest ecosystem is dominated by endemic red crabs.
in the central and northern part of the island. Some 2, birds are remaining and population might be decreasing.
There is on-going program to protect the emergent trees with nests of boobies from 4/5. The Chesapeake Bay's blue crab population remains in a serious slump for the second straight year, with the number of females dropping to a dangerously low level, officials announced Thursday.