He was the first Olympic champion in the and metres races. He was also the first Olympian to win a gold medal.
James Naismith emerged from his office with a clear vision and a new sense of purpose. He had just spent two weeks searching for an indoor athletic activity to occupy his rowdy physical education class during the harsh New England winter months.
Needless to say, his class most of whom were ex-football and rugby players hardly found the winter athletic regimen of leapfrog and tumbling to be an acceptable replacement for outdoor sports. Naismith turned first to the popular sports of the day—he tried indoor adaptations of soccer, lacrosse, and football, but each only led to people getting injured or facility damage.
It was developed to meet a need. The equipment used in early basketball was also vastly different from the modern game. For example, basketball was originally played with a soccer ball with closed bottom peach bushel baskets as goals, which meant that someone had to climb on a ladder to get the ball after each made basket.
To alleviate the effort required to retrieve the ball, a hole was eventually drilled into the bottom of the basket. This innovation soon gave way to the elimination of the peach basket and the development of the modern goal composed of an iron rim and cloth net. And although the sport has evolved—some notable additions to the modern game include the dribble, the three point line, and a greater tolerance of physical contact and fouls—modern basketball is still firmly rooted in many of the original rules.
Women in Basketball Women began playing basketball as early asthanks in large part to the efforts of a woman named Senda Berenson Abbott.
In response, Berenson Abbott made the following changes to the game: The court was divided into three equal sections, with players required to stay in an assigned area.
Players were prohibited from snatching or batting the ball from the hands of another player.
Players were prohibited from holding the ball longer than three seconds. Players were prohibited from dribbling more than three times. These types of tournaments were important to the development of women in the sport, because they afforded women the opportunity to continue to play basketball after they were done with school.
The first major change came in when the three-court sections were reduced to two, and the number of players per team was set at six 3 on offense and 3 on defense.
In unlimited dribbling became legal, and inthe first five player full court game was played. The five-player format became standard in College Basketball The first intercollegiate basketball game was played on February 9, between the Minnesota School of Agriculture and Hamline College with Minnesota winning by a score of Because the sport was still in its infancy at the time, the current five-person format had not yet been standardized.
However, as basketball continued to develop numerous refinements were introduced, and on January 18,the first intercollegiate basketball game to use the current format was played in Iowa City, Iowa between the University of Chicago and the University of Iowa.
The University of Chicago defeated Iowa by a score of 15 to By the early s, basketball was played at 90 colleges throughout the United States. The skyrocketing number of college programs prompted the formation of various regional basketball conferences. College basketball soon became the focus of the basketball world.The Evolution of the Olympics Games Games The Great Olympic games for athletes with disabilities were organized in Rome of Evolution of Olympics.
Full . Aug 01, · It was the most-watched first Tuesday of any non-U.S. Summer Games since , when American Olympic telecasts started.
However, "non-U.S." is the key phrase. Olympic Games held in the U.S. tend to draw more American viewers, partly because more events can be shown live. Yao, Jiajun, "The effect of hosting the Olympics on national image: An analysis of US newspaper coverage of host countries with reputation problems" ().
Graduate Theses and Dissertations.
In he became the first non-American since to win the Olympic metres. He was also one of the first track stars to be affected by the rivalry between Adidas and Puma; each of the two then-fledgling companies wanted the "world's fastest man" to wear its shoes.
Although The Summer Olympics in Berlin was broadcast inside of Germany, at the time, although in the late s, very few individuals actually had televisions. By September of , the first college football game was broadcast over live television, pitting Waynesburg College against Fordham.
Assisting Olympic athletes, improving local recreational facilities and increasing participation rates have been widely accepted as legitimate objectives since the s, but there has not always been consensus about the role of central government in achieving them.