Nine Stories happiness is a solid and joy a liquid Salinger vacillated for years between his desire to first publish a novel and his editor's urging that he publish a collection of short stories. In Aprilthe book Nine Stories was published. Provided below is a list of the stories that make up the collection, with information on their individual original publications as well as a short summary of each.
The son of a wealthy cheese importer, Salinger grew up in a fashionable neighborhood in Manhattan and spent his youth being shuttled between various prep schools before his parents finally settled on the Valley Forge Military Academy in He graduated from Valley Forge in and attended a number of colleges, including Columbia University, but did not graduate from any of them.
While at Columbia, Salinger took a creative writing class in which he excelled, cementing the interest in writing that he had maintained since his teenage years.
Salinger had his first short story published in ; he continued to write as he joined the army and fought in Europe during World War II.
Upon his return to the United States and civilian life inSalinger wrote more stories, publishing them in many respected magazines. InSalinger published his only full-length novel, The Catcher in the Rye, which propelled him onto the national stage.
For instance, Holden Caulfield moves from prep school to prep school, is threatened with military school, and knows an older Columbia student. In the novel, such autobiographical details are transplanted into a post—World War II setting.
The Catcher in the Rye was published at a time when the burgeoning American industrial economy made the nation prosperous and entrenched social rules served as a code of conformity for the younger generation. Because Salinger used slang and profanity in his text and because he discussed adolescent sexuality in a complex and open way, many readers were offended, and The Catcher in the Rye provoked great controversy upon its release.
Some critics argued that the book was not serious literature, citing its casual and informal tone as evidence. The book was—and continues to be—banned in some communities, and it consequently has been thrown into the center of debates about First Amendment rights, censorship, and obscenity in literature.
Though controversial, the novel appealed to a great number of people. It was a hugely popular bestseller and general critical success. Holden seemed to stand for young people everywhere, who felt themselves beset on all sides by pressures to grow up and live their lives according to the rules, to disengage from meaningful human connection, and to restrict their own personalities and conform to a bland cultural norm.
Many readers saw Holden Caulfield as a symbol of pure, unfettered individuality in the face of cultural oppression. Though Nine Stories received some critical acclaim, the critical reception of the later stories was hostile. Critics generally found the Glass siblings to be ridiculously and insufferably precocious and judgmental.
Beginning in the early s, as his critical reputation waned, Salinger began to publish less and to disengage from society. This reclusiveness, ironically, made Salinger even more famous, transforming him into a cult figure. As a recluse, Salinger, for many, embodied much the same spirit as his precocious, wounded characters, and many readers view author and characters as the same being.
The few brief public statements that Salinger made before his death in suggested that he continued to write stories, implying that the majority of his works might not appear until after his death.The Catcher in the Rye （novel） Nine Stories [published in England as For Esmé—With Love and Squalor and Other Stories] （short stories） Franny and Zooey （short stories.
Context. Jerome David Salinger was born in New York City in The son of a wealthy cheese importer, Salinger grew up in a fashionable neighborhood in Manhattan and spent his youth being shuttled between various prep schools before his parents finally settled on the Valley Forge Military Academy in The Importance and Influence of Stories in Haroun and the Sea of Stories Lauren Faux Salman Rushdie draws on both Indian and Western literary traditions in his novel Haroun and the Sea of Stories to emphasize the influential bearing that stories have on their authors and readers.
Nine Stories Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for Nine Stories is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Jan 01, · FILE - In this Jan. 28, file photo, copies of J.D. Salinger's classic novel "The Catcher in the Rye" as well as his volume of short stories called "Nine Stories.
In Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut by J.D. Salinger we have the theme of loss, disillusion, youth, insecurity, love and escape. Taken from his Nine Stories collection the story is narrated in the third person by an unnamed narrator and after first reading the story the reader realises that Salinger may be exploring the theme of escape.