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Animal research has had a vital role in many scientific and medical advances of the past century and continues to aid our understanding of various diseases.
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Throughout the world, people enjoy a better quality of life because of these advances, and the subsequent development of new medicines and treatments—all made possible by animal research. However, the use of animals in scientific and medical research has been a subject of heated debate for many years in the UK.
Opponents to any kind of animal research—including both animal-rights extremists and anti-vivisectionist groups—believe that animal experimentation is cruel and unnecessary, regardless of its purpose or benefit. There is no middle ground for these groups; they want the immediate and total abolition of all animal research.
If they succeed, it would have enormous and severe consequences for scientific research. No responsible scientist wants to use animals or cause them unnecessary suffering if it can be avoided, and therefore scientists accept controls on the use of animals in research.
More generally, the bioscience community accepts that animals should be used for research only within an ethical framework. The UK has gone further than any other country to write such an ethical framework into law by implementing the Animals Scientific Procedures Act The Act requires that proposals for research involving the use of animals must be fully assessed in terms of any harm to the animals.
This involves detailed examination of the particular procedures and experiments, and the numbers and types of animal used. These The use of animals in scientific research essay then weighed against the potential benefits of the project. This cost—benefit analysis is almost unique to UK animal research legislation; only German law has a similar requirement.
The aims of this additional review process are: In practice, there has been concern that the Ethical Review Process adds a level of bureaucracy that is not in proportion to its contribution to improving animal welfare or furthering the 3Rs.
When asked which factors should be taken into account in the regulatory system, people chose those that—unknown to them—are already part of the UK legislation.
In general, they feel that animal welfare should be weighed against health benefits, that cosmetic-testing should not be allowed, that there should be supervision to ensure high standards of welfare, that animals should be used only if there is no alternative, and that spot-checks should be carried out.
It is clear that the UK public would widely support the existing regulatory system if they knew more about it. It is clear that the UK public would widely support the existing regulatory system if they knew more about it Unsurprisingly, medical general practitioners GPs are even more aware of the contribution that animal research has made and continues to make to human health.
This result puts into context the results from another poll of GPs in In fact, it seems that most GPs think that medical research in general can be misleading; it is good scientific practice to maintain a healthy degree of scepticism and avoid over-reliance on any one set of data or research method.
Another law, which enables people to get more information, might also help to influence public attitudes towards animal research. Under the Act, anybody can request information from a public body in England, Wales or Northern Ireland.
Public bodies include government departments, universities and some funding bodies such as the research councils. The FOI Act is intended to promote openness and accountability, and to facilitate better public understanding of how public authorities carry out their duties, why and how they make decisions, and how they spend public money.
There are two ways in which information can be made available to the public: The FOI Act is retrospective so it applies to all information, regardless of when it was created. In response to the FOI Act, the Home Office now publishes overviews of all new animal research projects, in the form of anonymous project licence summaries, on a dedicated website.
This means that the UK now provides more public information about animal research than any other country. The Research Defence Society RDS; London, UKan organization representing doctors and scientists in the debate on the use of animals in research and testing, welcomes the greater openness that the FOI Act brings to discussions about animal research.
With more and reliable information about how and why animals are used, people should be in a better position to debate the issues. However, there are concerns that extremist groups will try to obtain personal details and information that can identify researchers, and use it to target individuals.
In the past five years, there have been four major UK independent inquiries into the use of animals in biomedical research: All committees included non-scientists and examined evidence from both sides of the debate. These rigorous independent inquiries all accepted the rationale for the use of animals in research for the benefit of human health, and concluded that animal research can be scientifically validated on a case-by-case basis.
The Nuffield Council backed the 3Rs and the need for clear information to support a constructive debate, and further stated that violence and intimidation against researchers or their allies is morally wrong. In 34 out of 38 cases, they found against the anti-vivisectionist groups, either supporting complaints about anti-vivisectionist literature, or rejecting the complaints by anti-vivisectionists about the literature from medical organizations.
Animal-rights groups also disagree with the 3Rs, since these principles still allow for the use of animals in research; they are only interested in replacement However, seemingly respectable mainstream groups still peddle dangerously misleading and inaccurate information about the use of animals in research.
TNS did not provide any interpretation of the data to the client. TNS did not give permission to the client to publish our data.In the last two decades, the widespread application of genetic and genomic approaches has revealed a bacterial world astonishing in its ubiquity and diversity.
This review examines how a growing knowledge of the vast range of animal–bacterial interactions, whether in shared ecosystems or intimate symbioses, is fundamentally altering our understanding of animal biology.
A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah The number of wild animals vastly exceeds that of animals on factory farms. Therefore, animal advocates should consider focusing their efforts to raise concern about the suffering that occurs in nature.
In theory, engineering more humane ecological systems might be valuable. In practice, however, it seems more effective to promote the meme of caring about wild animals to other activists.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
A persuasive essay is a type of writing that attempts to convince the reader that the opinions being presented are right.
They are very similar to argumentative essays except for the fact a writer presents a one-sided opinion giving valid reasons and solid facts on why that opinion or argument is correct. Animal testing is a hot button issue with a multitude of opinions on each side. It’s an industry where there are entire companies dedicated to the breeding of animals used for experimental purposes.